It is made up of using water, cement and sand. The strongest concrete is the one that contain minimal moisture content and aggregate and more of cement. It has the highest density. The material gets stronger as it dries. It may take a few days to dry it adequately for use, the remaining moisture inside it chemically react and bind the sand and cement, making the surface more firm with each passing year.
It requires little or no maintenance. However, it has to be regularly inspected by a technician. It is to make sure its strength is still intact. Cracks may appear with time. With the help of concrete lifting and restoration, these can be filled.
It makes easy natural water retention by allowing the rainwater to penetrate to the ground. Porous concrete also minimizes the erosion and flooding near the commercial buildings. It is also fire-resistant and can also combat hurricanes and tornadoes.
The properties made using it reflect heat rather than absorbing it. When you use a heat-absorbent material like asphalt in construction, the exterior and interior temperature both escalate, increasing the demand for the cooling system in the warmer months. The heat from it gets transferred by contact to rainwater that flows into ponds and water resources. It can dangerous for wildlife and also promotes bacterial growth.
Concrete lowers the cost of cooling in the summer months and also keeps the temperature at a manageable level.
Ways it can be used
It can be used in making roads, driveways, steps, entire buildings, patios, walkways and garages.
It is very solid material, used for making buildings. It is solid due to the mixing of various additive elements like cement, sand and water. The addition of all these elements gives it a rock-hard state. It can then be cut into the required shape and size. Prior using it for any construction purpose, it has to be made sure that it has the required thickness. Also, different construction sites have varying needs. So it becomes paramount to choose the different kind of cement as well. Also, during mixing, the exact ratio of the elements is a must consider. Moisture is also paramount to give it a rock-solid form. So the water should be used in a deliberate manner.