Think of your jobsite as you go through this list and ask yourself "what could have been pre-planned better and how could you improve your current or next job?"
When planning a job, first step is a good logistics plan. This will make or break not only your job, but also your crew's performance, and every sub-contractor on the job could be doomed from the start.
- Logistics plan is necessary to create a site flow that move's material, equipment, staging area's and deliveries effectively. If you have not properly planned out a logistics you are going to waste time and money! Think about it, if you have to re-locate trailers because they were set up over an SD line, the cost of transportation, re-setup and hours lost could all be avoided with a logistics plan. How many minutes are wasted on a forklift that has to travel an extra 3.5 minutes from the unloading area to the staging area? Planning for concrete pump access to get two trucks to the pump vs. one helping cut your pour time, pump time and finisher's time in half! Logistics plan should be built, analyzed, feedback incorporated and implemented before the first form goes in the ground.
Review your job tomorrow and see if you have too much or not enough manpower! How does your budget or schedule look based on your current manpower?
- Manpower: Lack of manpower leads to schedule delays and quality issues. However, over crewing will lead to budget bust and production lost (manpower vs. units). Pre-planning let's you compare the schedule with the budget to plan accordingly. Think about a small crew of eight being unproductive for sixty minutes a day, that's roughly 320 dollars a day, 1600 dollars a week and 6,400 dollars a month, it adds up!
Form materials are usually the largest dollar amount on a job, so special planning needs to be exercised here!
- Form materials: How productive is it to drop a unit of 2x4's and plywood on the ground, roll out a set of prints and just start building. This mentality leads to time and material wasted! When properly planned you can pre-build forms, utilize materials and accurately order supplies needed to perform the work.
Like Form material Equipment can be very costly, especially if it is just sitting idle!
- Equipment: If you're asking the crews to meet the budget and schedule without supplying the proper equipment, then you're not doing your job as a supervisor! I'm not saying that you have to purchase all new tools or whatever tools they ask for. But, you need to plan out the work and supply the right tool for the job. How much time and money is wasted with sub par equipment? Scrabbling an existing concrete footing, wall or column with a small hammer drill and chipping bit will take five times longer than using an electric or pneumatic scribbler gun. Hand packing material's 150' vs. renting a forklift or crane for a day. The cost of running a crane for one hour may be more cost effective than running six guys for eight hours packing materials. Don't just look at the bottom line for the price of equipment; you need to analyze the cost of equipment vs. the cost it will take without the equipment along with the schedule.
Produce lift drawings, and share them with everyone. The more information passed, lessens the chance of error.
- Lift drawings: Reviewing the contract documents and producing lift drawings before you start work will help weed out discrepancies, quantify materials and help you schedule your manpower effectively by giving everyone the information needed to keep them productive. You don't want twelve workers waiting for one person to find the information; you want all thirteen workers productive.
Create a schedule, sequence and workflow
- Schedule, sequence and workflow established: You want to create an undisturbed workflow, where everyone is working in sync and efficiently! It's like a race and your job is to remove all obstacles, therefore eliminating wasted steps or stoppages for your crews racing to beat schedule and budget. The last thing you want is manpower sitting around waiting to be told what to do next or waiting on answers, material or equipment! That's just money and time wasted waiting on information, which could have been avoided with proper pre-planning.